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[FUND204] Fundamentals of RF Engineering

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A strong understanding of RF engineering fundamentals is required to optimize the performance of cellular networks. This course presents the fundamentals of RF engineering for new engineers who need to be grounded in the fundamentals and existing engineers who need to fill in any gaps they may have in their understanding. This course illustrates the network architecture and highlights the importance of several aspects of RF engineering. The RF propagation mechanisms that affect the RF signal path from the transmitter to the receiver are discussed. Coverage is discussed using the link budget examples for 3G and 4G systems. Capacity engineering is described from the perspective of voice and data traffic requirements and backhaul provisioning. Deployments of WCDMA and LTE networks are considered. Finally, tools useful for network planning/design, deployment, and optimization are reviewed.

Learning Objectives

After completing this course, the student will be able to:
• Sketch the network architecture for 2G, 3G and 4G
• Outline KPIs that quantify RF performance
• Discuss the roles of various RF components
• Describe RF propagation mechanisms
• Explain various components of the link budget
• Summarize the approaches used for capacity provisioning
• Discuss the influence of vocoders and high-speed data on traffic engineering
• Contrast WCDMA deployment with LTE deployment
• Describe issues with equipment sharing between 3G and 4G
• Explain how tools can be used during various stages of the cellular network (e.g., design, deployment, and optimization)

Intended Audience

This fundamentals course is intended for new or experienced RF engineers who need familiarity with the fundamentals of RF engineering.

Course Length

2 Days Instructor Led

Course Outlines / Knowledge Knuggets

1. Overview of GSM/UMTS/LTE
1.1. GSM, UMTS, LTE architecture
1.2. Evolution from GSM to LTE

2. Introduction to Cellular RF Engineering
2.1. Stages of technology deployment
2.2. Planning, design, engineering, optimization
2.3. Radio and core, backhaul, network economics (CapEx/OpEx, KPIs)
2.4. Importance of RF engineering

3. Review of RF Components
3.1. Baseband and RF processing
3.2. Antennas (basic principles, omni and sectorized)
3.3. Feeders, jumpers, duplexers and diplexers
3.4. HPA, LNA, TMA, repeaters

4. RF Propagation Fundamentals
4.1. RF Terms (RSSI, SIR, dB, dBm)
4.2. Distance-based path loss, long-term fading, and short-term fading
4.3. Propagation models
4.4. Spectrum for network deployment

5. WCDMA and LTE Fundamentals
5.1. UTRAN and E-UTRAN architectures
5.2. PHY layer functions
5.3. Handover
5.4. HSPA and LTE

6. Coverage and Link Budget Fundamentals
6.1. Significance of link budget
6.2. 3G and 4G link budgets
6.3. Influence of carrier frequency
6.4. Challenges of an overlay network

7. Capacity and Traffic Engineering
7.1. Voice calls and capacity models
7.2. Influence of AMR and high-speed data
7.3. Backhaul provisioning
7.4. RF technology factors impacting capacity

8. Deployment Considerations
8.1. WCDMA vs. LTE
8.2. 3G- and 4G-specific features for enhanced RF
8.3. Cell-site planning/sharing

9. Tools for Deployment and Optimization
9.1. Network planning/design tools
9.2. Troubleshooting/KPI monitoring tools
9.3. Drive-testing and post-processing
9.4. RF optimization approaches


- Self-paced, animated, and interactive

- $150/each course for 6 month license

- Immediate online access upon purchase

- Flexible way to take training at any hour

- Online training transcript available

- Electronic certificates at completion

- Full list of courses at


For any additional questions,
please contact Mr. Rod Marckese
at +1-972-664-0727 x246 or

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